Table of Content

    17 August 2023, Volume 3 Issue 2
    Analysis of the Digital Humanities Culture Analytics Field and Application Prospect of Large Language Models—Interview with Professor Matthew Wilkens
    Matthew Wilkens Yang Xiaoyan
    2023, 3(2):  3-14. 
    Asbtract ( 375 )   PDF (11481KB) ( 200 )  
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    Cultural analytics under the digital humanities is a research field where scholars combine quantitative analysis from mathematics,statistics,and social sciences with complex large-scale social and cultural datasets. The article is an interview with Dr. Matthew Wilkens of Cornell University,an active scholar in this field. It includes an introduction to the current situation of the field,his research experience,prospects,educational ideas,and more. Dr. Wilkens believes that the methods and technologies of digital humanistic culture analysis are transferable,but to avoid the impulse of generalization and generalization,the field still faces two major challenges: one technical and one conceptual.In particular,the idea that literary and historical problems such as cultural evolution cannot be solved by close reading and that the core of some quantitative research is still humanism is still difficult to accept. This difficulty of conceptual change will make digital humanities research within the humanities stagnate. At present,there are signs that the growth of digital humanities will occur in information science and other technical disciplines. At the same time,the rapidly developing large-scale generative models have great application potential in the field of cultural analytics. It will be an important trend for humanists to cooperate with developers of large-scale language models in the future.
    Virtual Museums as An Extended Museum Experience:Challenges and Impacts for Museology,Digital Humanities,Museums and Visitors —in Times of (Coronavirus) Crisis
    Bernadette Biedermann Trans. Gao Yan
    2023, 3(2):  15-30. 
    Asbtract ( 225 )   PDF (12541KB) ( 118 )  
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    Since there has been a recent trend to establishing virtual museums,which various institutions have swiftly responded to,the objective of this paper is to understand the nature of virtual and / or digital museums by focusing on their particular characteristics. In this approach,the paper proceeds from the assumption that museum representations in the virtual space and / or virtual museums could extend conventional or physical museum space,leading to enhanced visitor attraction and experience. The paper thus focuses on the virtual museum as an interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary object of investigation from the perspective of museology and digital humanities and seeks to ascertain whether scholarly and practical impacts are achieved. It also analyses the expected impacts on practical museum work and visitor needs,especially with respect to the tasks museums are required to fulfil in times of crisis.
    Reflection on the Method of Gathering of Scattered Literature in the Digital Humanity Era
    Tang Chen Zhang Ping
    2023, 3(2):  31-38. 
    Asbtract ( 134 )   PDF (1377KB) ( 107 )  
    Related Articles | Metrics

    In the era of digital humanities, the work of gathering scattered literature puts forward two requirements for scholars. First, we should continue the experience of Gathering of Scattered Writings, Bibliography and Textualcriticism, and actively connect with the latest technology in the field of digital humanities. In the preliminary preparation stage, the scope of literature should be defined in combination with the traditional experience of bibliography. At the stage of deep excavation and expansion, digital humanistic means such as GIS and Social Network Analysis should be used to assist in our work. In the stage of editing and proofreading, we should pay close attention to the objects for a long time, and repeatedly use the latest data and databases to carry out the continuation and proofreading. In the stage of counterfeit identification, we should flexibly use the traditional life textual research method and the digital textual research method. The second requirement is to use various databases and tools flexibly. For searchable databases, keywords need to be set in advance and supplemented and adjusted at any time based on the collected data. Among the existing search-type databases, the local chronicles database has the greatest potential for our work and is worth strengthening. For the image database that cannot be full-text retrieved, we can compile a thematic index or build a title database by self, so as to establish a new growth point for our work. In addition, some commonly used databases in other fields, such as CNKI and DUXIU, can sometimes provide unexpected help for our work too.

    Knowledge Extraction of Cultural Heritage Information Resources Based on Keywords
    Peng Bo
    2023, 3(2):  39-49. 
    Asbtract ( 135 )   PDF (5937KB) ( 118 )  
    Related Articles | Metrics

    With the explosive growth of cultural heritage information resources, efficient extraction methods of unstructured data affects the spread of Chinese traditional culture. This article takes the text of cultural heritage information resources as the research object, proposes to classify them by sources, select keyword extraction methods according to different knowledge distribution characteristics, and retrieve cultural heritage entities and relationships in the knowledge graph after obtaining keywords to complete the path of knowledge extraction. The experimental results show that the categorized keyword extraction method established by the research can improve more than 50% compared with other methods, and can better extract the cultural heritage knowledge in unstructured data.

    An On-Site Study and Its GIS Presentation of the Grand Canal in Painting Album of the Great Canal Journeys by Qian Gu and Visual Travelogue of a Journey Through the Waterways by Zhang Fu of Ming Dynasty
    Chien Chin-Sung Liao Hsiung-Ming Wang Yong Zhang Shujun Tang Chen Yan Cheng Xie Dinghong
    2023, 3(2):  50-115. 
    Asbtract ( 130 )   PDF (75142KB) ( 105 )  
    Related Articles | Metrics
    Qian Gu(钱穀)’s Painting Album of the Great Canal Journeys(《纪行图册》)was based on Wang Shizhen(王世贞)’s Shi Jin Ji Xing(《适晋纪行》)in the fourth year of the Longqing reign (1570) in June and was painted into 32 scenes from Cangshan Xiaozhi Garden(仓山小祗园) to Yangzhou Yangzi Bridge( 扬州扬子桥). Zhang Fu(张复)’s Visual Travelogue of A Journey Through the Waterways(《水程图》)was drawn on the boat going north when Wang Shizhen entered the position of Taipu(太仆) in the second year of Wanli (1574) in February. He depicted 52 scenes from Shao Bo(邵伯)to Tongzhou(通州). Both works were done in a realistic style and are considered exceptional in the Ming dynasty’s painting history. This article uses the on-site study method to undertake three tasks. First,since Wang Shizhen’s trip to the north coincided with the Great Canal’s changing period during the completion of the Longqing Xinhe(隆庆新河)and the discussion of the Jiahe(泇河),this article intends to digitize all the waterways they passed through. Second,Qian Gu stated that he wanted to record the true landscape at that time,so this article uses travel diaries,local gazetteers,ancient and modern maps,and my own research results through the on-site study to explain each illustration and verify the degree of realism depicted by the painters. Third,the value of the more than 80 scenes is like discovering a large box of Ming dynasty videotapes. This article will reveal the true appearance of the Great Canal in the Ming dynasty in a visual and expressive manner through the true nature of the scenes.
    The Digital Turn in Early Modern Japanese Studies
    Zhou Ruiqi Guan Fanyi
    2023, 3(2):  116-128. 
    Asbtract ( 125 )   PDF (5106KB) ( 114 )  
    References | Related Articles | Metrics
    Hosted by the University of Cambridge, the international symposium “The Digital Turn in Early Modern Japanese Studies” was held online from December 2nd to 4th,2022. “Early Modern Japan” is one of the most rapidly advancing and fertile fields in Japanese digital humanities research at this stage,and this conference showcased the characteristics of current Japanese DH research to some extent. The application of digital technologies and tools, such as OCR technology,the IIIF framework,GIS systems,and high - magnification digital microscopes,has pushed forward research on many fundamental issues in early modern Japanese studies,including handwriting recognition and reading. Also,digital humanities research has made excellent achievements in art,literature,and print culture,further promoting the accessibility of resources and the revitalization of traditional disciplines. At the same time,challenges like unresolved technical issues and the adaptability of digital resources still existed,as well as issues regarding the research environment,concepts,and ethics. Last but not least,some research perspectives shown at the conference could inspire Chinese digital humanities research,such as the emphasis on constructing portal websites and awareness of serving a wider range of people.