数字人文研究 ›› 2022, Vol. 2 ›› Issue (1): 100-112.

• • 上一篇    

潜于数字档案与数据科学之下的日本数字人文——一种国别视角的观察

  

  • 出版日期:2022-04-08 发布日期:2022-04-25

Japanese Digital Humanities Lurking Beneath Digital Archive and Data Science—A Country Perspective

  • Online:2022-04-08 Published:2022-04-25

摘要: 不同于在欧美和中国学界掀起的热潮,日本的数字人文研究以一神自下而上的衍进模式积淀潜行,呈现出以实践为主导的内部指向型发展特征。基于对七名来自不同人文社会学科的日本学者的访谈,从数字档案建设过程中的经验与问题、数字人文在日本的接受现状,以及数据科学推动下的数字人文未来发展三个方面梳理了日本数字人文的发展脉络及其内包的问题,其中不乏引人深思的议论。并在比较的视角下,就各国数字人文发展中的普遍问题提出了三点反思:以“数字人文”的框架衡量既有研究成果的适切性,结合政策导向与学术自觉支撑数字人文可持续性发展的可能性,数字思维培育、贯彻对于区域数字人文国际性与本土性双向推进的重要性。

关键词: 日本数字人文, 数字档案, 数据科学, 人文情报学, 数字人文素养

Abstract: Different from the boom in Europe,the United States and China,Japanese Digital Humanities research has been developing in a bottom - up pattern, showing a practice - oriented, internally directed development. Based on interviews with seven Japanese scholars from different humanities and social disciplines, the development of DH in Japan and the issues it encompasses are sorted out from three aspects: experiences and problems in the process of Digital Archive construction, the current state of acceptance of DH in Japan, and the future development of DH driven by Data Science, which are full of thought - provoking reflections. From a comparative perspective, three reflections are offered on the common problems in the development of DH across countries: the appropriateness of evaluating existing research results by "DH” ,the possibility of sustaining the development of DH by combining policy orientation and academic consciousness, and the importance of cultivating and implementing " Digital Thinking" for the promotion of both international and local DH in the region.

Key words: Japanese digital humanities, digital archive, data science, humanities and informatics , digital humanities literacy

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